The extraction of fat (liposuction) from different regions of the body like the knees, thighs, hips, buttocks, abdomen or/and upper arms is a technique to remove the unwanted fat tissues.
What must be kept in mind is that liposuction is not a real weight loss method but rather a method of body reshaping. However it is recommended the patient to be clinically healthy, prepared as for any other surgery to be aware of all the risks involved in this surgery, and especially to have a realistic projection of the results.
What You Should Know before Liposuction Surgery
The decision to undergo liposuction is definitively the patient choice. However, medical experts warn that there are still potential risks. Despite technological progress that ensures the success and safety of this procedure, there is always a risk, but these risks are minimal when all postoperative indications are respected and preoperative consultation is strictly.
Preoperatively, the patient has the duty to reach desired weight through sport and diet, and only then have to resort to liposuction to remove the last traces of fat.
Also, with at least 2 weeks before surgery, the patient should stop taking aspirin, and it is recommended a few sessions of Endermologie (possible cellulite removal with a special device), then it is necessary to be made a series of tests: urea, blood count, creatinine, glucose, EKG, liver tests. If the patient is suffering from some diseases it is necessary to warn the surgeon for further analysis.
Preoperatively, the patient should be thoroughly examined by a doctor to see if the patient has a hernia, if the abdominal wall do not show some irregularities, or have scars from another surgery if the intestines are very close to the adipose tissue, or he has varicose veins in the legs.
The decision for surgery must be made together with the anesthetist.
When Liposuction Is Contraindicated
Liposuction is contraindicated when the patient has a serious dermatological diseases, blood diseases, infectious diseases, diabetes, casecxii, chronic cardiovascular diseases and diseases that affect certain areas, such as: eventrations in the abdomen, hernia, varicose veins in the thighs or legs. In addition, if fatty tissue is poorly represented, then it cannot be practiced this method of surgical body shaping.
How Complicated Is Liposuction Surgery?
Liposuction is a relatively easy surgery, lasting between 1 and 2 hours. Through liposuction is remove fat tissue that seemed impossible a few decades ago.
A cannula is inserted in your adipose tissue through an incision up to six millimeters. This cannula is connected to a surgical vacuum.
However, before vacuuming the fat layer is made fluid by injecting special chemicals. Cannulas handling is done in such a way that through a single incision to be vacuumed an area as large as possible.
After surgery the patient must strictly comply with the physician: he should take his prescribed medications, he should wear a liposuction suit at least 6 weeks postoperatively, must comply controls at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 months after surgery , avoid sun exposure and aggressive massages.
Generally, there are a few complications that can occur after a liposuction, such as:
A) Bleeding and fluid accumulation in place of the surgery (the liposuction suit has a strong elastic contention that aims to prevent this);
B) Infection – occurs rarely but must be treated promptly;
C) Sensitivity changes – usually occur in patients with large amounts of removed fat, but it is a temporary complication which disappears after a few weeks;
D) Irregularities – liposuction can cause some irregularities in soft tissue, sometimes they can be solved through some secondary operatory procedures or wearing proper clothing. Also these postoperative problem (these irregularities can be solved later by Endermologie sessions and massages).
E) Skin discoloration – usually temporary and disappear with time.